PDCA日記 / PDCA Diary

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PDCA日記 / Diary Vol. 729「死刑は凶悪犯罪防止になるか」/ "'Does the death penalty prevent heinous crimes?"

English follows Japanese.

PDCA日記 Vol. 729「死刑は凶悪犯罪防止になるか


今回紹介する資料「新版 死刑廃止を考える」は、「死刑は必要ですか?」という命題を問いかけており、「死刑は凶悪犯罪防止になるか」部分の以下のフレーズが印象的でした。




































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P.S. 現在の日本において、死刑廃止の議論が巻き起こっているわけではありません。










< Mr. PDCAのボンジュール英語「凶悪な」 = 「heinous




「死刑は凶悪犯罪防止になるか」を英語で表現する場合、「Does the death penalty prevent heinous crimes?」とすればよいですね😊。



PDCA (plan-do-check-action) Diary Vol. 729 "Does the death penalty prevent heinous crimes?"

The material introduced today "Thinking about the abolition of the death penalty" discusses the proposition "Is the death penalty necessary?", and the following phrases in the "Does the death penalty prevent heinous crimes?" were impressive.


"The second reason why Japan still keeps the death penalty is the prevention of heinous crimes in the death penalty system.


It is claimed that the death penalty system limits the number of violent crimes to the current level, but there is no scientific evidence of deterrence.


However, I think that this problem cannot be scientifically proved in the present when the crimes applicable to the death penalty are stipulated by the law of the country.


In Japan, there are 12 types of crimes that under the death penalty under the criminal law, and there are 6 types of crimes under the special law.


However, the death penalty under Article 81 of the Penal Code for inviting foreign invasion (a person who conspired with a foreign country to use force against Japan) has never been applied, and is also sentenced to death under a special law.


There were only two cases of explosive use (but combined with murder), and the death penalty under other special laws has not been applied for decades.


Most of the crimes to which the death penalty applies are robbery murders and robbery rape murders.


In this way, the target of the crime deterrence of the death penalty is mainly premised on murder, but when the murder is also a concrete example, it is complicated under what circumstances the murder was committed, and if you simply kill a person.


It's not as simple as being discouraged from murder because of the death penalty.


In the United States, there are mixed states of the death penalty and abolition, and we may study the relationship between the death penalty and deterrence by comparing the states of the death penalty and the abolition.


So, first, I would like to introduce some data on the recent occurrence of the death penalty and violent crimes in the United States.


Out of the 50 states in the United States, 25 are legally and de facto abolished in death penalty, and 17 of the incumbent states have not been enforced within the last five years.


Only eight states were enforced in 2018.


In fact, more than 80% of all states have been abolished or suspended.


The number of executions in the United States also dropped sharply every year from 98 in 1998 to 25 in 2018.


According to The New York Times (September 22, 2000), 10 of the 12 states that abolished the death penalty at the time had lower homicide rates than the national average, and all states had higher rates.


Especially in the last 20 years, the homicide rate in the states with the death penalty has been 48-101% higher than in the abolished states.


It is not possible to immediately determine whether or not the death penalty has murder deterrence with such materials, but it is impossible to scientifically prove this issue, and while controversy over a long history does not give a rational judgment, the current situation in the United States is reported. Is a powerful resource." (Unquote)


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